What Is Psychosomatic Medicine?

Psychosomatic Medicine, also commonly known as Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, is a subspecialty of psychiatry focused on treating behavioral conditions in patients with medical and surgical problems, especially when patients have complex or long-term conditions.

Physicians specializing in psychosomatic medicine have expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders in complex medically ill patients. These physicians must learn in-depth about how medical, neurological, and other conditions are affected by psychiatric problems, and how psychological factors affect physical conditions. In addition, medical conditions, medications, and metabolic problems often cause psychiatric symptoms. Psychosomatic Medicine physicians are trained to sort through the way psychiatric and medical problems relate to each other, and recommend the most appropriate treatments.