Integrative Medicine SIG


On This Page…
Goals and Activities
How to Join the SIG

Patients are increasingly turning to integrative approaches for their healthcare. Scientific studies supporting these interventions have risen in parallel.  Given the rising popular and scientific interest, C-L psychiatrists should familiarize themselves with integrative approaches that have scientific support for promoting health.  It is also important for C-L psychiatrists to develop a working knowledge of potentially harmful drug interactions between herbs/supplements and conventional medications.

The mission of the Integrative Medicine (Complementary and Alternative Medicine) SIG is to bring together C-L psychiatrists and other clinicians interested in advancing clinical care, education, and research on integrative approaches to promoting health and wellness.  These include mind-body medicine (e.g., mindfulness, biofeedback), diet and nutrition interventions (e.g., broader dietary patterns, macronutrients, and micronutrients), and herbs and supplements.

Co-chairs of the Integrative Medicine SIG

Janna Gordon-Elliott, MD, FACLP

Ana Ivkovic, MD

Uma Naidoo, MD


Goals and Activities

  1. Provide networking, support, and collaboration opportunities between consultation-liaison psychiatrists and other clinicians who are interested in integrative medicine.
  2. Foster a stimulating learning environment that allows for discussion of challenging cases and advances in the field.
  3. Collaborate in research activities and publish manuscripts such as case reports, case series, and literature reviews.
  4. Enhance communication between our SIG members through the year, with the aim of organizing symposia or workshops at the ACLP yearly meeting.
  5. Provide members with resources including a bibliography of important studies relating to the field of integrative medicine, with special attention to those pertinent to C-L psychiatry

How to Join

ACLP members: to join our SIG, please update your ACLP membership profile by checking the “Integrative Medicine” box under “Your Special Interest Group Subscriptions.” Allow 24 hours for processing.

Non-ACLP members: please send an email indicating your field of interest, full name, organization, and telephone number to (email link includes CC to the co-chairs of the SIG).


Guidelines for paper selection

  • RCTs
  • Meta-analyses / systematic reviews / reviews
  • Case reports / case series of particular interest
  • High quality research
  • Relevant for C/l

Categories (alphabetical order)

Bipolar Disorder
“For healthcare professionals”
Mindfulness Apps/Internet
Miscellaneous (virtual reality,  music therapy, other miscellany)
Movement Disorders
Nature Therapy
Neurocognitive Disorder/cognition
Nutritional Psychiatry (Preliminary)
Psycho Oncology
Substance Use Disorders
Women’s Health


  • Amorim D, Amado J, Brito I, Fiuza SM, Amorim N, Costeira C, Machado J. Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for anxiety disorders: A systematic review of the clinical research. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 May;31:31-37. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.01.008. Epub 2018 Jan 31. PMID: 29705474.
  • Barić H, Đorđević V, Cerovečki I, Trkulja V. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Adv Ther. 2018 Mar;35(3):261-288. doi: 10.1007/s12325-018-0680-6. Epub 2018 Mar 5. PMID: 29508154.
  • Blanck P, Perleth S, Heidenreich T, et al. Effects of mindfulness exercises as stand-alone intervention on symptoms of anxiety and depression: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Behav Res Ther. 2018;102:25-35. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2017.12.002
  • Bystritsky A, Hovav S, Sherbourne C, et al. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in a large sample of anxiety patients. Psychosomatics. 2012;53(3):266-272. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2011.11.009
  • Chen KW, Berger CC, Manheimer E, et al. Meditative therapies for reducing anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Depress Anxiety. 2012;29(7):545-562. doi:10.1002/da.21964
  • Cramer H, Lauche R, Anheyer D, et al. Yoga for anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Depress Anxiety. 2018;35(9):830-843. doi:10.1002/da.22762
  • Donelli D, Antonelli M, Bellinazzi C, Gensini GF, Firenzuoli F. Effects of lavender on anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytomedicine. 2019;65:153099. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2019.153099
  • Generoso MB, Soares A, Taiar IT, Cordeiro Q, Shiozawa P (2017) Lavender oil preparation (Silexan) for treating anxiety: an updated meta-analysis. J Clin Psychopharmacol 37(1):115–117.
  • Goyal M, Singh S, Sibinga EM, Gould NF, Rowland-Seymour A, Sharma R, Berger Z, Sleicher D, Maron DD, Shihab HM, Ranasinghe PD, Linn S, Saha S, Bass EB, Haythornthwaite JA. Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Mar;174(3):357-68. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13018. PMID: 24395196; PMCID: PMC4142584.
  • Hofmann SG, Sawyer AT, Witt AA, Oh D. The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010 Apr;78(2):169-83. doi: 10.1037/a0018555. PMID: 20350028; PMCID: PMC2848393.
  • Keefe JR, Mao JJ, Soeller I, Li QS, Amsterdam JD. Short-term open-label chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) therapy of moderate to severe generalized anxiety disorder. Phytomedicine. 2016;23(14):1699-1705. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2016.10.013
  • Klainin-Yobas P, Oo WN, Suzanne Yew PY, Lau Y. Effects of relaxation interventions on depression and anxiety among older adults: a systematic review. Aging Ment Health. 2015;19(12):1043-1055. doi:10.1080/13607863.2014.997191
  • Koszycki D, Thake J, Mavounza C, Daoust JP, Taljaard M, Bradwejn J. Preliminary Investigation of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Social Anxiety Disorder That Integrates Compassion Meditation and Mindful Exposure. J Altern Complement Med. 2016;22(5):363-374. doi:10.1089/acm.2015.0108
  • Mao JJ, Xie SX, Keefe JR, Soeller I, Li QS, Amsterdam JD. Long-term chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: A randomized clinical trial. Phytomedicine. 2016;23(14):1735-1742. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2016.10.012
  • McKenna K, Gallagher KA, Forbes PW, Ibeziako P. Ready, set, relax: biofeedback-assisted relaxation training (BART) in a pediatric psychiatry consultation service. Psychosomatics. 2015;56(4):381-389. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2014.06.003
  • Oliver G, Dean O, Camfield D, Blair-West S, Ng C, Berk M, Sarris J. N-acetyl cysteine in the treatment of obsessive compulsive and related disorders: a systematic review. Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci. 2015 Apr 30;13(1):12-24. doi: 10.9758/cpn.2015.13.1.12. PMID: 25912534; PMCID: PMC4423164.
  • Pilkington K, Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Cummings M, Richardson J. Acupuncture for anxiety and anxiety disorders–a systematic literature review. Acupunct Med. 2007;25(1-2):1-10. doi:10.1136/aim.25.1-2.1
  • Renna ME, O’Toole MS, Spaeth PE, Lekander M, Mennin DS. The association between anxiety, traumatic stress, and obsessive-compulsive disorders and chronic inflammation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Depress Anxiety. 2018;35(11):1081-1094. doi:10.1002/da.22790
  • Sarris J. Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric disorders: 10-year updated review. Phytother Res. 2018 Jul;32(7):1147-1162. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6055. Epub 2018 Mar 25. PMID: 29575228.
  • Sarris J, McIntyre E, Camfield DA. Plant-based medicines for anxiety disorders, Part 1: a review of preclinical studies. CNS Drugs. 2013 Mar;27(3):207-19. doi: 10.1007/s40263-013-0044-3. PMID: 23436255.
  • Sarris J, McIntyre E, Camfield DA. Plant-based medicines for anxiety disorders, part 2: a review of clinical studies with supporting preclinical evidence. CNS Drugs. 2013 Apr;27(4):301-19. doi: 10.1007/s40263-013-0059-9. Erratum in: CNS Drugs. 2013 Aug;27(8):675. Dosage error in article text. PMID: 23653088.
  • Smith K, Leiras C. The effectiveness and safety of Kava Kava for treating anxiety symptoms: A systematic review and analysis of randomized clinical trials. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 Nov;33:107-117. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.09.003. Epub 2018 Sep 15. PMID: 30396607.
  • Teng HC, Yeh ML, Wang MH. Walking with controlled breathing improves exercise tolerance, anxiety, and quality of life in heart failure patients: A randomized controlled trial. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2018;17(8):717-727. doi:10.1177/1474515118778453
  • Vitellio P, Chira A, De Angelis M, Dumitrascu DL, Portincasa P. Probiotics in Psychosocial Stress and Anxiety. A Systematic Review. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2020 Mar 13;29(1):77-83. doi: 10.15403/jgld-352. PMID: 32176751.
  • Wang F, Lee EK, Wu T, et al. The effects of tai chi on depression, anxiety, and psychological well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Behav Med. 2014;21(4):605-617. doi:10.1007/s12529-013-9351-9
  • Wong SY, Yip BH, Mak WW, et al. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy v. group psychoeducation for people with generalised anxiety disorder: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2016;209(1):68-75. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.115.166124
  • Yeung KS, Hernandez M, Mao JJ, Haviland I, Gubili J. Herbal medicine for depression and anxiety: A systematic review with assessment of potential psycho-oncologic relevance. Phytother Res. 2018;32(5):865-891. doi:10.1002/ptr.6033
  • Zhang N, Zhang Y, Li M, et al. Efficacy of probiotics on stress in healthy volunteers: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 14]. Brain Behav. 2020;e01699. doi:10.1002/brb3.1699
  • Novaes MM, Palhano-Fontes F, Onias H, Andrade KC, Lobão-Soares B, Arruda-Sanchez T, Kozasa EH, Santaella DF, de Araujo DB. Effects of Yoga Respiratory Practice (Bhastrika pranayama) on Anxiety, Affect, and Brain Functional Connectivity and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Front Psychiatry. 2020 May 21;11:467. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00467. PMID: 32528330; PMCID: PMC7253694.

Bipolar Disorder

  • Chu CS, Stubbs B, Chen TY, Tang CH, Li DJ, Yang WC, Wu CK, Carvalho AF, Vieta E, Miklowitz DJ, Tseng PT, Lin PY. The effectiveness of adjunct mindfulness-based intervention in treatment of bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Affect Disord. 2018 Jan 1;225:234-245. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.025. Epub 2017 Aug 16. PMID: 28841486.
  • Frangou S, Lewis M, McCrone P. Efficacy of ethyl-eicosapentaenoic acid in bipolar depression: randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study. Br J Psychiatry. 2006 Jan;188:46-50. doi: 10.1192/bjp.188.1.46. PMID: 16388069.
  • Fusar-Poli L, Surace T, Vanella A, et al. The effect of adjunctive nutraceuticals in bipolar disorder: A systematic review of randomized placebo-controlled trials. J Affect Disord. 2019;252:334-349. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.039
  • Henriksen TE, Skrede S, Fasmer OB, Schoeyen H, Leskauskaite I, Bjørke-Bertheussen J, Assmus J, Hamre B, Grønli J, Lund A. Blue-blocking glasses as additive treatment for mania: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Bipolar Disord. 2016 May;18(3):221-32. doi: 10.1111/bdi.12390. PMID: 27226262; PMCID: PMC5089565.
  • Moses EL, Mallinger AG. St. John’s Wort: three cases of possible mania induction. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2000 Feb;20(1):115-7. doi: 10.1097/00004714-200002000-00027. PMID: 10653226.
  • Nierenberg AA, Montana R, Kinrys G, Deckersbach T, Dufour S, Baek JH. L-Methylfolate For Bipolar I depressive episodes: An open trial proof-of-concept registry. J Affect Disord. 2017 Jan 1;207:429-433. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.09.053. Epub 2016 Oct 1. PMID: 27794238.
  • Sarris J, Mischoulon D, Schweitzer I. Adjunctive nutraceuticals with standard pharmacotherapies in bipolar disorder: a systematic review of clinical trials. Bipolar Disord. 2011;13(5-6):454-465. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2011.00945.x
  • Sit DK, McGowan J, Wiltrout C, et al. Adjunctive Bright Light Therapy for Bipolar Depression: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2018;175(2):131-139. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16101200
  • Sylvia LG, Peters AT, Deckersbach T, Nierenberg AA. Nutrient-based therapies for bipolar disorder: a systematic review. Psychother Psychosom. 2013;82(1):10-19. doi:10.1159/000341309
  • Wang S, Zhang Z, Yao L, Ding N, Jiang L, Wu Y. Bright light therapy in the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2020;15(5):e0232798. Published 2020 May 21. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0232798
  • Wozniak J, Faraone SV, Chan J, Tarko L, Hernandez M, Davis J, Woodworth KY, Biederman J. A randomized clinical trial of high eicosapentaenoic acid omega-3 fatty acids and inositol as monotherapy and in combination in the treatment of pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders: a pilot study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;76(11):1548-55. doi: 10.4088/JCP.14m09267. Erratum in: J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 Sep;77(9):e1153. PMID: 26646031.


  • Colunga Biancatelli RML, Berrill M, Catravas JD, Marik PE. Quercetin and Vitamin C: An Experimental, Synergistic Therapy for the Prevention and Treatment of SARS-CoV-2 Related Disease (COVID-19). Front Immunol. 2020 Jun 19;11:1451. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.01451. PMID: 32636851; PMCID: PMC7318306.
  • Grant WB, Lahore H, McDonnell SL, Baggerly CA, French CB, Aliano JL, Bhattoa HP. Evidence that Vitamin D Supplementation Could Reduce Risk of Influenza and COVID-19 Infections and Deaths. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4):988. doi: 10.3390/nu12040988. PMID: 32252338; PMCID: PMC7231123.
  • Silvagno F, Vernone A, Pescarmona GP. The Role of Glutathione in Protecting against the Severe Inflammatory Response Triggered by COVID-19. Antioxidants (Basel). 2020 Jul 16;9(7):624. doi: 10.3390/antiox9070624. PMID: 32708578; PMCID: PMC7402141.
  • Wei N, Huang BC, Lu SJ, et al. Efficacy of internet-based integrated intervention on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients with COVID-19. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2020;21(5):400-404. doi:10.1631/jzus.B2010013
  • Zhang R, Wang X, Ni L, Di X, Ma B, Niu S, Liu C, Reiter RJ. COVID-19: Melatonin as a potential adjuvant treatment. Life Sci. 2020 Jun 1;250:117583. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117583. Epub 2020 Mar 23. PMID: 32217117; PMCID: PMC7102583.


  • Blanck P, Perleth S, Heidenreich T, et al. Effects of mindfulness exercises as stand-alone intervention on symptoms of anxiety and depression: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Behav Res Ther. 2018;102:25-35. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2017.12.002
  • Chiesa A, Serretti A. Mindfulness based cognitive therapy for psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res. 2011;187(3):441-453. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2010.08.011
  • Cooney GM, Dwan K, Greig CA, et al. Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(9):CD004366. Published 2013 Sep 12. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004366.pub6
  • Cramer H, Anheyer D, Lauche R, Dobos G. A systematic review of yoga for major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord. 2017;213:70-77. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2017.02.006
  • de Jong M, Peeters F, Gard T, et al. A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study on Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Unipolar Depression in Patients With Chronic Pain. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018;79(1):15m10160. doi:10.4088/JCP.15m10160
  • D’Silva S, Poscablo C, Habousha R, Kogan M, Kligler B. Mind-body medicine therapies for a range of depression severity: a systematic review. Psychosomatics. 2012;53(5):407-423. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2012.04.006
  • Dickerman B, Liu J. Do the Micronutrients Zinc and Magnesium Play a Role in Adult Depression? Top Clin Nutr. 2011 Jul-Sep;26(3):257-267. doi: 10.1097/TIN.0b013e3182260d86. PMID: 29151671; PMCID: PMC5687845.
  • Francis HM, Stevenson RJ, Chambers JR, Gupta D, Newey B, Lim CK. A brief diet intervention can reduce symptoms of depression in young adults – A randomised controlled trial. PLoS One. 2019;14(10):e0222768. Published 2019 Oct 9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0222768
  • Galizia I, Oldani L, Macritchie K, Amari E, Dougall D, Jones TN, Lam RW, Massei GJ, Yatham LN, Young AH. S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) for depression in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Oct 10;10(10):CD011286. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011286.pub2. PMID: 27727432; PMCID: PMC6457972.
  • Hammerness P, Basch E, Ulbricht C, et al. St John’s wort: a systematic review of adverse effects and drug interactions for the consultation psychiatrist. Psychosomatics. 2003;44(4):271-282. doi:10.1176/appi.psy.44.4.271
  • Haller H, Anheyer D, Cramer H, Dobos G. Complementary therapies for clinical depression: an overview of systematic reviews. BMJ Open. 2019 Aug 5;9(8):e028527. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028527. PMID: 31383703; PMCID: PMC6686993.
  • Hofmann SG, Sawyer AT, Witt AA, Oh D. The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010 Apr;78(2):169-83. doi: 10.1037/a0018555. PMID: 20350028; PMCID: PMC2848393.
  • Jain FA, Walsh RN, Eisendrath SJ, Christensen S, Rael Cahn B. Critical analysis of the efficacy of meditation therapies for acute and subacute phase treatment of depressive disorders: a systematic review. Psychosomatics. 2015;56(2):140-152. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2014.10.007
  • Jorde R, Sneve M, Figenschau Y, et al. : Effects of vitamin D supplementation on symptoms of depression in overweight and obese subjects: randomized double blind trial. J Intern Med 2008; 264:599–609
  • Klainin-Yobas P, Oo WN, Suzanne Yew PY, Lau Y. Effects of relaxation interventions on depression and anxiety among older adults: a systematic review. Aging Ment Health. 2015;19(12):1043-1055. doi:10.1080/13607863.2014.997191
  • Kuyken W, Warren FC, Taylor RS, Whalley B, Crane C, Bondolfi G, Hayes R, Huijbers M, Ma H, Schweizer S, Segal Z, Speckens A, Teasdale JD, Van Heeringen K, Williams M, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T. Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy in Prevention of Depressive Relapse: An Individual Patient Data Meta-analysis From Randomized Trials. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 1;73(6):565-74. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0076. PMID: 27119968; PMCID: PMC6640038.
  • Lecrubier Y, Clerc G, Didi R, Kieser M. Efficacy of St. John’s wort extract WS 5570 in major depression: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159(8):1361-1366. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.8.1361
  • Linde K, Berner MM, Kriston L: St John’s wort for major depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4:CD000448, 2008
  • Li Y, Lv MR, Wei YJ, et al. Dietary patterns and depression risk: A meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res. 2017 Jul;253:373-382.
  • Martland R, Mondelli V, Gaughran F, Stubbs B. Can high-intensity interval training improve physical and mental health outcomes? A meta-review of 33 systematic reviews across the lifespan. J Sports Sci. 2020;38(4):430-469. doi:10.1080/02640414.2019.1706829
  • Minghetti A, Faude O, Hanssen H, Zahner L, Gerber M, Donath L. Sprint interval training (SIT) substantially reduces depressive symptoms in major depressive disorder (MDD): A randomized controlled trial. Psychiatry Res. 2018;265:292-297. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.04.053
  • Mischoulon D, Fava M. Role of S-adenosyl-L-methionine in the treatment of depression: a review of the evidence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Nov;76(5):1158S-61S. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/76/5.1158S. PMID: 12420702.
  • Mischoulon D, Nierenberg AA, Schettler PJ, et al. A double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial comparing eicosapentaenoic acid versus docosahexaenoic acid for depression. J Clin Psychiatry. 2015;76(1):54-61. doi:10.4088/JCP.14m08986
  • Papakostas GI, Shelton RC, Zajecka JM, Etemad B, Rickels K, Clain A, Baer L, Dalton ED, Sacco GR, Schoenfeld D, Pencina M, Meisner A, Bottiglieri T, Nelson E, Mischoulon D, Alpert JE, Barbee JG, Zisook S, Fava M. L-methylfolate as adjunctive therapy for SSRI-resistant major depression: results of two randomized, double-blind, parallel-sequential trials. Am J Psychiatry. 2012 Dec;169(12):1267-74. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.11071114. PMID: 23212058.
  • Papakostas GI, Shelton RC, Zajecka JM, Bottiglieri T, Roffman J, Cassiello C, Stahl SM, Fava M. Effect of adjunctive L-methylfolate 15 mg among inadequate responders to SSRIs in depressed patients who were stratified by biomarker levels and genotype: results from a randomized clinical trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014 Aug;75(8):855-63. doi: 10.4088/JCP.13m08947. PMID: 24813065.
  • Piet J, Hougaard E. The effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for prevention of relapse in recurrent major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011 Aug;31(6):1032-40. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2011.05.002. Epub 2011 May 15. PMID: 21802618.
  • Quirk SE, Williams LJ, O’Neil A, et al. The association between diet quality, dietary patterns and depression in adults: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry. 2013 Jun 27;13:175.
  • Ravindran, A. V., Balneaves, L. G., Faulkner, G., Ortiz, A., McIntosh, D., Morehouse, R. L., … Parikh, S. V. (2016). Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) 2016 Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Major Depressive Disorder: Section 5. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 61(9), 576–587. 
  • Romijn AR, Rucklidge JJ, Kuijer RG, Frampton C. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum for the symptoms of depression. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2017;51(8):810-821. doi:10.1177/0004867416686694
  • Sanmukhani J, Satodia V, Trivedi J, Patel T, Tiwari D, Panchal B, Goel A, Tripathi CB. Efficacy and safety of curcumin in major depressive disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Phytother Res. 2014 Apr;28(4):579-85. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5025. Epub 2013 Jul 6. PMID: 23832433.
  • Sarris J. Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric disorders: 10-year updated review. Phytother Res. 2018 Jul;32(7):1147-1162. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6055. Epub 2018 Mar 25. PMID: 29575228.
  • Sarris J, Byrne GJ, Stough C, et al. Nutraceuticals for major depressive disorder- more is not merrier: An 8-week double-blind, randomised, controlled trial. J Affect Disord. 2019;245:1007-1015. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.092
  • Sarris J, Murphy J, Mischoulon D, Papakostas GI, Fava M, Berk M, Ng CH. Adjunctive Nutraceuticals for Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses. Am J Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 1;173(6):575-87. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2016.15091228. Epub 2016 Apr 26. PMID: 27113121.
  • Sarris J, O’Neil A, Coulson CE, Schweitzer I, Berk M. Lifestyle medicine for depression. BMC Psychiatry. 2014;14:107. Published 2014 Apr 10. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-107
  • Slykerman RF, Hood F, Wickens K, et al. Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 in Pregnancy on Postpartum Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: A Randomised Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial. EBioMedicine. 2017;24:159-165. doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.09.013
  • Wang F, Lee EK, Wu T, et al. The effects of tai chi on depression, anxiety, and psychological well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Behav Med. 2014;21(4):605-617. doi:10.1007/s12529-013-9351-9
  • Wang J, Um P, Dickerman BA, Liu J. Zinc, Magnesium, Selenium and Depression: A Review of the Evidence, Potential Mechanisms and Implications. Nutrients. 2018 May 9;10(5):584. doi: 10.3390/nu10050584. PMID: 29747386; PMCID: PMC5986464.
  • Wang YY, Li XH, Zheng W, Xu ZY, Ng CH, Ungvari GS, Yuan Z, Xiang YT. Mindfulness-based interventions for major depressive disorder: A comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Affect Disord. 2018 Mar 15;229:429-436. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.12.093. Epub 2018 Jan 3. PMID: 29331704.
  • Wu YL, Ding XX, Sun YH, et al. Association between MTHFR C677T polymorphism and depression: An updated meta-analysis of 26 studies. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2013;46:78-85. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2013.06.015
  • Young KD, Siegle GJ, Zotev V, et al. Randomized Clinical Trial of Real-Time fMRI Amygdala Neurofeedback for Major Depressive Disorder: Effects on Symptoms and Autobiographical Memory Recall. Am J Psychiatry. 2017;174(8):748-755. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16060637
  • Zou L, Yeung A, Li C, et al. Effects of Meditative Movements on Major Depressive Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Clin Med. 2018;7(8):195. Published 2018 Aug 1. doi:10.3390/jcm7080195

“For healthcare professionals”

  • Ameli R, Sinaii N, West CP, Luna MJ, Panahi S, Zoosman M, Rusch HL, Berger A. Effect of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Program on Stress in Health Care Professionals at a US Biomedical Research Hospital: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Aug 3;3(8):e2013424. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13424. PMID: 32840621; PMCID: PMC7448827.
  • McConville J, McAleer R, Hahne A. Mindfulness Training for Health Profession Students-The Effect of Mindfulness Training on Psychological Well-Being, Learning and Clinical Performance of Health Professional Students: A Systematic Review of Randomized and Non-randomized Controlled Trials. Explore (NY). 2017;13(1):26-45. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2016.10.002
  • Yang E, Schamber E, Meyer RML, Gold JI. Happier Healers: Randomized Controlled Trial of Mobile Mindfulness for Stress Management. J Altern Complement Med. 2018;24(5):505-513. doi:10.1089/acm.2015.0301


  • Hecht FM, Moskowitz JT, Moran P, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction in HIV infection. Brain Behav Immun. 2018;73:331-339. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2018.05.017
  • Scott-Sheldon LAJ, Balletto BL, Donahue ML, et al. Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Adults Living with HIV/AIDS: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. AIDS Behav. 2019;23(1):60-75. doi:10.1007/s10461-018-2236-9

Mindfulness Apps/Internet

  • Moberg C, Niles A, Beermann D. Guided Self-Help Works: Randomized Waitlist Controlled Trial of Pacifica, a Mobile App Integrating Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness for Stress, Anxiety, and Depression. J Med Internet Res. 2019;21(6):e12556. Published 2019 Jun 8. doi:10.2196/12556
  • Spijkerman MP, Pots WT, Bohlmeijer ET. Effectiveness of online mindfulness-based interventions in improving mental health: A review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Clin Psychol Rev. 2016 Apr;45:102-14. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2016.03.009. Epub 2016 Apr 1. PMID: 27111302.

Miscellaneous (virtual reality,  music therapy, other miscellany)

  • Ashdown-Franks G, Firth J, Carney R, et al. Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders: A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes. Sports Med. 2020;50(1):151-170. doi:10.1007/s40279-019-01187-6
  • Bach D, Groesbeck G, Stapleton P, Sims R, Blickheuser K, Church D. Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) Improves Multiple Physiological Markers of Health. J Evid Based Integr Med. 2019;24:2515690X18823691. doi:10.1177/2515690X18823691
  • Black DS, Slavich GM. Mindfulness meditation and the immune system: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2016 Jun;1373(1):13-24. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12998. Epub 2016 Jan 21. PMID: 26799456; PMCID: PMC4940234.
  • Blanck P, Perleth S, Heidenreich T, Kröger P, Ditzen B, Bents H, Mander J. Effects of mindfulness exercises as stand-alone intervention on symptoms of anxiety and depression: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Behav Res Ther. 2018 Mar;102:25-35. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.12.002. Epub 2017 Dec 20. PMID: 29291584.
  • Breit S, Kupferberg A, Rogler G, Hasler G. Vagus Nerve as Modulator of the Brain-Gut Axis in Psychiatric and Inflammatory Disorders. Front Psychiatry. 2018 Mar 13;9:44. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00044. PMID: 29593576; PMCID: PMC5859128.
  • Chun MH, Chang MC, Lee SJ. The effects of forest therapy on depression and anxiety in patients with chronic stroke. Int J Neurosci. 2017;127(3):199-203. doi:10.3109/00207454.2016.1170015
  • Costello RB, Elin RJ, Rosanoff A, Wallace TC, Guerrero-Romero F, Hruby A, Lutsey PL, Nielsen FH, Rodriguez-Moran M, Song Y, Van Horn LV. Perspective: The Case for an Evidence-Based Reference Interval for Serum Magnesium: The Time Has Come. Adv Nutr. 2016 Nov 15;7(6):977-993. doi: 10.3945/an.116.012765. PMID: 28140318; PMCID: PMC5105038.
  • Crone CC, Wise TN. Use of herbal medicines among consultation-liaison populations. A review of current information regarding risks, interactions, and efficacy. Psychosomatics. 1998;39(1):3-13. doi:10.1016/S0033-3182(98)71374-X
  • Ewais T, Begun J, Kenny M, et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of mindfulness based interventions and yoga in inflammatory bowel disease. J Psychosom Res. 2019;116:44-53. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.11.010
  • Fox KC, Nijeboer S, Dixon ML, Floman JL, Ellamil M, Rumak SP, Sedlmeier P, Christoff K. Is meditation associated with altered brain structure? A systematic review and meta-analysis of morphometric neuroimaging in meditation practitioners. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2014 Jun;43:48-73. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.03.016. Epub 2014 Apr 3. PMID: 24705269.
  • Gawande R, To MN, Pine E, et al. Mindfulness Training Enhances Self-Regulation and Facilitates Health Behavior Change for Primary Care Patients: a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Gen Intern Med. 2019;34(2):293-302. doi:10.1007/s11606-018-4739-5
  • Hoenders HJ, Appelo MT, van den Brink EH, Hartogs BM, de Jong JT. The Dutch complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) protocol: to ensure the safe and effective use of complementary and alternative medicine within Dutch mental health care. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17(12):1197-1201. doi:10.1089/acm.2010.0762
  • Jacobs GD. The physiology of mind-body interactions: the stress response and the relaxation response. J Altern Complement Med. 2001;7 Suppl 1:S83-92. doi: 10.1089/107555301753393841. Erratum in: J Altern Complement Med 2002 Apr;8(2):219. PMID: 11822639.
  • Jayewardene WP, Lohrmann DK, Erbe RG, Torabi MR. Effects of preventive online mindfulness interventions on stress and mindfulness: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Prev Med Rep. 2016 Nov 14;5:150-159. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.11.013. PMID: 28050336; PMCID: PMC5199155.
  • Katsamanis M, Lehrer PM, Escobar JI, Gara MA, Kotay A, Liu R. Psychophysiologic treatment for patients with medically unexplained symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. Psychosomatics. 2011;52(3):218-229. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2011.01.015
  • Kaye JM, Schindler BA. Hypnosis on a consultation-liaison service. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1990;12(6):379-383. doi:10.1016/0163-8343(90)90005-w
  • Khoury B, Lecomte T, Fortin G, Masse M, Therien P, Bouchard V, Chapleau MA, Paquin K, Hofmann SG. Mindfulness-based therapy: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Aug;33(6):763-71. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2013.05.005. Epub 2013 Jun 7. PMID: 23796855.
  • Lee MS, Jang JW, Jang HS, Moon SR. Effects of Qi-therapy on blood pressure, pain and psychological symptoms in the elderly: a randomized controlled pilot trial. Complement Ther Med. 2003;11(3):159-164. doi:10.1016/s0965-2299(03)00088-8
  • Mayberg HS, Silva JA, Brannan SK, et al. The functional neuroanatomy of the placebo effect. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159(5):728-737. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.5.728
  • McConville J, McAleer R, Hahne A. Mindfulness Training for Health Profession Students-The Effect of Mindfulness Training on Psychological Well-Being, Learning and Clinical Performance of Health Professional Students: A Systematic Review of Randomized and Non-randomized Controlled Trials. Explore (NY). 2017;13(1):26-45. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2016.10.002
  • Moug SJ, Grant S, Creed G, Boulton Jones M. Exercise during haemodialysis: West of Scotland pilot study. Scott Med J. 2004;49(1):14-17. doi:10.1177/003693300404900104
  • Park ER, Traeger L, Vranceanu AM, et al. The development of a patient-centered program based on the relaxation response: the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (3RP). Psychosomatics. 2013;54(2):165-174. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2012.09.001
  • Pascoe MC, Thompson DR, Jenkins ZM, Ski CF. Mindfulness mediates the physiological markers of stress: Systematic review and meta-analysis. J Psychiatr Res. 2017 Dec;95:156-178. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2017.08.004. Epub 2017 Aug 23. PMID: 28863392.
  • Pascoe MC, Thompson DR, Ski CF. Yoga, mindfulness-based stress reduction and stress-related physiological measures: A meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2017 Dec;86:152-168. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.08.008. Epub 2017 Aug 30. PMID: 28963884.
  • Quach D, Jastrowski Mano KE, Alexander K. A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effect of Mindfulness Meditation on Working Memory Capacity in Adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2016;58(5):489-496. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.09.024
  • Sarris J. Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric disorders: a systematic review. Phytother Res. 2007;21(8):703-716. doi:10.1002/ptr.2187
  • Stewart DE. Venlafaxine and sour date nut. Am J Psychiatry. 2004;161(6):1129-1130. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.161.6.1129-a
  • Tang YY, Hölzel BK, Posner MI. The neuroscience of mindfulness meditation. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2015 Apr;16(4):213-25. doi: 10.1038/nrn3916. Epub 2015 Mar 18. PMID: 25783612.
  • Vieira Á, Melo C, Machado J, Gabriel J. Virtual reality exercise on a home-based phase III cardiac rehabilitation program, effect on executive function, quality of life and depression, anxiety and stress: a randomized controlled trial. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2018;13(2):112-123. doi:10.1080/17483107.2017.1297858
  • Zhang N, Zhang Y, Li M, et al. Efficacy of probiotics on stress in healthy volunteers: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 14]. Brain Behav. 2020;e01699. doi:10.1002/brb3.1699
  • Zou L, Sasaki JE, Wei GX, et al. Effects of Mind⁻Body Exercises (Tai Chi/Yoga) on Heart Rate Variability Parameters and Perceived Stress: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Clin Med. 2018;7(11):404. Published 2018 Oct 31. doi:10.3390/jcm7110404

Movement Disorders 

  • Bram D, Bubrovszky M, Durand JP, Lefevre G, Morell-Dubois S, Vaiva G. Pernicious anemia presenting as catatonia: correlating vitamin B12 levels and catatonic symptoms. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2015 May-Jun;37(3):273.e5-7. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2015.02.003. Epub 2015 Feb 23. PMID: 25774050.
  • Brown TM. Neuropsychiatric scurvy. Psychosomatics. 2015 Jan-Feb;56(1):12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.psym.2014.05.010. Epub 2014 Jun 2. PMID: 25619670.
  • Jensen PS. Case report of conversion catatonia: indication for hypnosis. Am J Psychother. 1984 Oct;38(4):566-70. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.1984.38.4.566. PMID: 6517174.
  • Monti DA, Zabrecky G, Kremens D, Liang TW, Wintering NA, Bazzan AJ, Zhong L, Bowens BK, Chervoneva I, Intenzo C, Newberg AB. N-Acetyl Cysteine Is Associated With Dopaminergic Improvement in Parkinson’s Disease. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Oct;106(4):884-890. doi: 10.1002/cpt.1548. Epub 2019 Jul 17. PMID: 31206613.
  • Ni X, Liu S, Lu F, Shi X, Guo X. Efficacy and safety of Tai Chi for Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One. 2014 Jun 13;9(6):e99377. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099377. PMID: 24927169; PMCID: PMC4057148.
  • Soares-Weiser K, Rathbone J, Ogawa Y, Shinohara K, Bergman H. Miscellaneous treatments for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Mar 19;3(3):CD000208. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000208.pub2. PMID: 29552749; PMCID: PMC6494382.
  • Tardiolo G, Bramanti P, Mazzon E. Overview on the Effects of N-Acetylcysteine in Neurodegenerative Diseases. Molecules. 2018 Dec 13;23(12):3305. doi: 10.3390/molecules23123305. PMID: 30551603; PMCID: PMC6320789.
  • Zhang WF, Tan YL, Zhang XY, Chan RC, Wu HR, Zhou DF. Extract of Ginkgo biloba treatment for tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2011 May;72(5):615-21. doi: 10.4088/JCP.09m05125yel. Epub 2010 Sep 21. PMID: 20868638.
  • Zheng W, Xiang YQ, Ng CH, Ungvari GS, Chiu HF, Xiang YT. Extract of Ginkgo biloba for Tardive Dyskinesia: Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2016 May;49(3):107-11. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-102884. Epub 2016 Mar 15. PMID: 26979525.

Nature Therapy

  • Antonelli M, Barbieri G, Donelli D. Effects of forest bathing (shinrin-yoku) on levels of cortisol as a stress biomarker: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Biometeorol. 2019 Aug;63(8):1117-1134. doi: 10.1007/s00484-019-01717-x. Epub 2019 Apr 18. PMID: 31001682.
  • Bielinis E, Jaroszewska A, Łukowski A, Takayama N. The Effects of a Forest Therapy Programme on Mental Hospital Patients with Affective and Psychotic Disorders. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Dec 23;17(1):118. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010118. PMID: 31877954; PMCID: PMC6982075.
  • Chun MH, Chang MC, Lee SJ. The effects of forest therapy on depression and anxiety in patients with chronic stroke. Int J Neurosci. 2017;127(3):199-203. doi:10.3109/00207454.2016.1170015
  • Franco LS, Shanahan DF, Fuller RA. A Review of the Benefits of Nature Experiences: More Than Meets the Eye. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Aug 1;14(8):864. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14080864. PMID: 28763021; PMCID: PMC5580568.
  • Furuyashiki A, Tabuchi K, Norikoshi K, Kobayashi T, Oriyama S. A comparative study of the physiological and psychological effects of forest bathing (Shinrin-yoku) on working age people with and without depressive tendencies. Environ Health Prev Med. 2019 Jun 22;24(1):46. Doi: 10.1186/s12199-019-0800-1. PMID: 31228960; PMCID: PMC6589172.
  • Ideno Y, Hayashi K, Abe Y, Ueda K, Iso H, Noda M, Lee JS, Suzuki S. Blood pressure-lowering effect of Shinrin-yoku (Forest bathing): a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Aug 16;17(1):409. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1912-z. PMID: 28814305; PMCID: PMC5559777.
  • Meredith GR, Rakow DA, Eldermire ERB, Madsen CG, Shelley SP, Sachs NA. Minimum Time Dose in Nature to Positively Impact the Mental Health of College-Aged Students, and How to Measure It: A Scoping Review. Front Psychol. 2020;10:2942. Published 2020 Jan 14. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02942
  • Yu CP, Lin CM, Tsai MJ, Tsai YC, Chen CY. Effects of Short Forest Bathing Program on Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Mood States in Middle-Aged and Elderly Individuals. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Aug 9;14(8):897. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14080897. PMID: 28792445; PMCID: PMC5579495.

Neurocognitive Disorder/cognition

  • Chang D, Liu J, Bilinski K, et al. Herbal Medicine for the Treatment of Vascular Dementia: An Overview of Scientific Evidence. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016;2016:7293626. doi:10.1155/2016/7293626DeKosky ST, Williamson JD, Fitzpatrick AL, et al. : Ginkgo biloba for prevention of dementia: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2008; 300:2253–2262
  • Eyre HA, Siddarth P, Acevedo B, et al. : A randomized controlled trial of Kundalini yoga in mild cognitive impairment. Int J Psychogeriatr 2017; 29:557–567
  • Guétin S, Portet F, Picot MC, et al. Effect of music therapy on anxiety and depression in patients with Alzheimer’s type dementia: randomised, controlled study. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2009;28(1):36-46. doi:10.1159/000229024
  • Hmwe NTT, Browne G, Mollart L, Allanson V, Chan SW. An integrative review of acupressure interventions for older people: A focus on sleep quality, depression, anxiety, and agitation. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019;34(3):381-396. doi:10.1002/gps.5031
  • Hölzel BK, Carmody J, Vangel M, Congleton C, Yerramsetti SM, Gard T, Lazar SW. Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. Psychiatry Res. 2011 Jan 30;191(1):36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2010.08.006. Epub 2010 Nov 10. PMID: 21071182; PMCID: PMC3004979.
  • Lazar SW, Kerr CE, Wasserman RH, Gray JR, Greve DN, Treadway MT, McGarvey M, Quinn BT, Dusek JA, Benson H, Rauch SL, Moore CI, Fischl B. Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. Neuroreport. 2005 Nov 28;16(17):1893-7. doi: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000186598.66243.19. PMID: 16272874; PMCID: PMC1361002.
  • Rudzki L, Ostrowska L, Pawlak D, et al. Probiotic Lactobacillus Plantarum 299v decreases kynurenine concentration and improves cognitive functions in patients with major depression: A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2019;100:213-222. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.10.010
  • Sonuga-Barke EJ, Brandeis D, Cortese S, et al. Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments. Am J Psychiatry. 2013;170(3):275-289. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.12070991
  • Xu J, Wang LL, Dammer EB, et al. Melatonin for sleep disorders and cognition in dementia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2015;30(5):439-447. doi:10.1177/1533317514568005

Nutritional Psychiatry (Preliminary)

  • Jacka, F.N., O’Neil, A., Opie, R. et al. A randomised controlled trial of dietary improvement for adults with major depression (the ‘SMILES’ trial). BMC Med 15, 23 (2017).
  • Firth J, Marx W, Dash S, Carney R, Teasdale SB, Solmi M, Stubbs B, Schuch FB, Carvalho AF, Jacka F, Sarris J. The Effects of Dietary Improvement on Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Psychosom Med. 2019 Apr;81(3):265-280. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000673. Erratum in: Psychosom Med. 2020 Jun;82(5):536. PMID: 30720698; PMCID: PMC6455094.
  • Parletta N, Zarnowiecki D, Cho J, Wilson A, Bogomolova S, Villani A, Itsiopoulos C, Niyonsenga T, Blunden S, Meyer B, Segal L, Baune BT, O’Dea K. A Mediterranean-style dietary intervention supplemented with fish oil improves diet quality and mental health in people with depression: A randomized controlled trial (HELFIMED). Nutr Neurosci. 2019 Jul;22(7):474-487. doi: 10.1080/1028415X.2017.1411320. Epub 2017 Dec 7. PMID: 29215971.



  • Anheyer D, Haller H, Barth J, Lauche R, Dobos G, Cramer H. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Treating Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Jun 6;166(11):799-807. doi: 10.7326/M16-1997. Epub 2017 Apr 25. PMID: 28437793.
  • Ball EF, Nur Shafina Muhammad Sharizan E, Franklin G, Rogozińska E. Does mindfulness meditation improve chronic pain? A systematic review. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Dec;29(6):359-366. doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000417. PMID: 28961631.
  • Bauer BA, Cutshall SA, Anderson PG, et al. Effect of the combination of music and nature sounds on pain and anxiety in cardiac surgical patients: a randomized study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2011;17(4):16-23.
  • Bauer BA, Cutshall SM, Wentworth LJ, et al. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, and tension after cardiac surgery: a randomized study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010;16(2):70-75. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2009.06.012
  • Carr AC, McCall C. The role of vitamin C in the treatment of pain: new insights. J Transl Med. 2017 Apr 14;15(1):77. doi: 10.1186/s12967-017-1179-7. PMID: 28410599; PMCID: PMC5391567.
  • Chiesa A, Serretti A. Mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain: a systematic review of the evidence. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Jan;17(1):83-93. doi: 10.1089/acm.2009.0546. PMID: 21265650.
  • de Jong M, Peeters F, Gard T, et al. A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study on Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Unipolar Depression in Patients With Chronic Pain. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018;79(1):15m10160. doi:10.4088/JCP.15m10160
  • Garland EL, Baker AK, Larsen P, et al. Randomized Controlled Trial of Brief Mindfulness Training and Hypnotic Suggestion for Acute Pain Relief in the Hospital Setting. J Gen Intern Med. 2017;32(10):1106-1113. doi:10.1007/s11606-017-4116-9
  • Hilton L, Hempel S, Ewing BA, Apaydin E, Xenakis L, Newberry S, Colaiaco B, Maher AR, Shanman RM, Sorbero ME, Maglione MA. Mindfulness Meditation for Chronic Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Behav Med. 2017 Apr;51(2):199-213. doi: 10.1007/s12160-016-9844-2. PMID: 27658913; PMCID: PMC5368208.
  • Hussain N, Said ASA. Mindfulness-Based Meditation Versus Progressive Relaxation Meditation: Impact on Chronic Pain in Older Female Patients With Diabetic Neuropathy. J Evid Based Integr Med. 2019;24:2515690X19876599. doi:10.1177/2515690X19876599
  • Patel K, Sutherland H, Henshaw J, et al. Effects of neurofeedback in the management of chronic pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 5]. Eur J Pain. 2020;10.1002/ejp.1612. doi:10.1002/ejp.1612
  • Pinkerton E, Good P, Gibbons K, Hardy J. An open-label pilot study of oral vitamin C as an opioid-sparing agent in patients with chronic pain secondary to cancer. Support Care Cancer. 2017 Feb;25(2):341-343. doi: 10.1007/s00520-016-3472-z. Epub 2016 Nov 4. PMID: 27815713.
  • Reiner K, Tibi L, Lipsitz JD. Do mindfulness-based interventions reduce pain intensity? A critical review of the literature. Pain Med. 2013 Feb;14(2):230-42. doi: 10.1111/pme.12006. Epub 2012 Dec 13. PMID: 23240921.
  • Sielski R, Rief W, Glombiewski JA. Efficacy of Biofeedback in Chronic back Pain: a Meta-Analysis. Int J Behav Med. 2017 Feb;24(1):25-41. doi: 10.1007/s12529-016-9572-9. PMID: 27307013.
  • Weydert JA, Shapiro DE, Acra SA, Monheim CJ, Chambers AS, Ball TM. Evaluation of guided imagery as treatment for recurrent abdominal pain in children: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2006;6:29. Published 2006 Nov 8. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-6-29
  • Yuan SL, Matsutani LA, Marques AP. Effectiveness of different styles of massage therapy in fibromyalgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Man Ther. 2015 Apr;20(2):257-64. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2014.09.003. Epub 2014 Oct 5. PMID: 25457196.

 Psycho Oncology

  • Boehm K, Cramer H, Staroszynski T, Ostermann T. Arts therapies for anxiety, depression, and quality of life in breast cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:103297. doi:10.1155/2014/103297
  • Cramer H, Lauche R, Klose P, Lange S, Langhorst J, Dobos GJ. Yoga for improving health-related quality of life, mental health and cancer-related symptoms in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;1(1):CD010802. Published 2017 Jan 3. 
  • Cramer H, Rabsilber S, Lauche R, Kümmel S, Dobos G. Yoga and meditation for menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors-A randomized controlled trial. Cancer. 2015;121(13):2175-2184. doi:10.1002/cncr.29330doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010802.pub2
  • Dhruva A, Miaskowski C, Abrams D, et al. Yoga breathing for cancer chemotherapy-associated symptoms and quality of life: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2012;18(5):473-479. doi:10.1089/acm.2011.0555
  • Haller H, Winkler MM, Klose P, Dobos G, Kümmel S, Cramer H. Mindfulness-based interventions for women with breast cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Oncol. 2017;56(12):1665-1676. doi:10.1080/0284186X.2017.1342862
  • Hanson ED, Wagoner CW, Anderson T, Battaglini CL. The Independent Effects of Strength Training in Cancer Survivors: a Systematic Review. Curr Oncol Rep. 2016;18(5):31. doi:10.1007/s11912-016-0511-3
  • Ho RT, Fong TC, Cheung IK, Yip PS, Luk MY. Effects of a Short-Term Dance Movement Therapy Program on Symptoms and Stress in Patients With Breast Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy: A Randomized, Controlled, Single-Blind Trial. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016;51(5):824-831. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2015.12.332
  • Hoffman CJ, Ersser SJ, Hopkinson JB. Mindfulness-based stress reduction in breast cancer: a qualitative analysis. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2012;18(4):221-226. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2012.06.008
  • Ledesma D, Kumano H. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cancer: a meta-analysis. Psychooncology. 2009 Jun;18(6):571-9. doi: 10.1002/pon.1400. PMID: 19023879.
  • Lundt A, Jentschke E. Long-Term Changes of Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Fatigue in Cancer Patients 6 Months After the End of Yoga Therapy. Integr Cancer Ther. 2019;18:1534735418822096. doi:10.1177/1534735418822096
  • Monti DA, Kash KM, Kunkel EJ, et al. Changes in cerebral blood flow and anxiety associated with an 8-week mindfulness programme in women with breast cancer. Stress Health. 2012;28(5):397-407. doi:10.1002/smi.2470
  • Nunns M, Mayhew D, Ford T, et al. Effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions to reduce procedural anxiety in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychooncology. 2018;27(8):1889-1899. doi:10.1002/pon.4749
  • Piet J, Würtzen H, Zachariae R. The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2012 Dec;80(6):1007-20. doi: 10.1037/a0028329. Epub 2012 May 7. PMID: 22563637.
  • Reich RR, Lengacher CA, Alinat CB, et al. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Post-treatment Breast Cancer Patients: Immediate and Sustained Effects Across Multiple Symptom Clusters. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017;53(1):85-95. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.08.005
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  • Crawford MJ, Killaspy H, Kalaitzaki E, Barrett B, Byford S, Patterson S, Soteriou T, O’Neill FA, Clayton K, Maratos A, Barnes TR, Osborn D, Johnson T, King M, Tyrer P, Waller D. The MATISSE study: a randomised trial of group art therapy for people with schizophrenia. BMC Psychiatry. 2010 Aug 27;10:65. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-10-65. PMID: 20799930; PMCID: PMC2940860.
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  • Firth J, Stubbs B, Rosenbaum S, Vancampfort D, Malchow B, Schuch F, Elliott R, Nuechterlein KH, Yung AR. Aerobic Exercise Improves Cognitive Functioning in People With Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Schizophr Bull. 2017 May 1;43(3):546-556. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbw115. PMID: 27521348; PMCID: PMC5464163.
  • Ho RT, Wan AH, Au-Yeung FS, Lo PH, Siu PJ, Wong CP, Ng WY, Cheung IK, Ng SM, Chan CL, Chen EY. The psychophysiological effects of Tai-chi and exercise in residential schizophrenic patients: a 3-arm randomized controlled trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014 Sep 27;14:364. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-364. PMID: 25262346; PMCID: PMC4189583.
  • Kelly DL, Demyanovich HK, Rodriguez KM, Ciháková D, Talor MV, McMahon RP, Richardson CM, Vyas G, Adams HA, August SM, Fasano A, Cascella NG, Feldman SM, Liu F, Sayer MA, Powell MM, Wehring HJ, Buchanan RW, Gold JM, Carpenter WT, Eaton WW. Randomized controlled trial of a gluten-free diet in patients with schizophrenia positive for antigliadin antibodies (AGA IgG): a pilot feasibility study. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2019 Jul 1;44(4):269-276. doi: 10.1503/jpn.180174. PMID: 30938127; PMCID: PMC6606425.
  • Lu JS, Pierre JM. Psychotic episode associated with Bikram yoga. Am J Psychiatry. 2007;164(11):1761. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.07060960
  • Lu SF, Lo CH, Sung HC, Hsieh TC, Yu SC, Chang SC. Effects of group music intervention on psychiatric symptoms and depression in patient with schizophrenia. Complement Ther Med. 2013 Dec;21(6):682-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2013.09.002. Epub 2013 Sep 20. PMID: 24280478.
  • Nurenberg JR, Schleifer SJ, Shaffer TM, Yellin M, Desai PJ, Amin R, Bouchard A, Montalvo C. Animal-assisted therapy with chronic psychiatric inpatients: equine-assisted psychotherapy and aggressive behavior. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Jan 1;66(1):80-6. doi: 10.1176/ Epub 2014 Oct 31. PMID: 25269512.
  • Qiu HZ, Ye ZJ, Liang MZ, Huang YQ, Liu W, Lu ZD. Effect of an art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia (GBTS) on prison inmates with schizophrenia in mainland China-A randomized, longitudinal, and controlled trial. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2017 Sep;24(5):1069-1078. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2069. Epub 2017 Jan 12. PMID: 28078741.
  • Rapado-Castro M, Dodd S, Bush AI, Malhi GS, Skvarc DR, On ZX, Berk M, Dean OM. Cognitive effects of adjunctive N-acetyl cysteine in psychosis. Psychol Med. 2017 Apr;47(5):866-876. doi: 10.1017/S0033291716002932. Epub 2016 Nov 29. PMID: 27894373.
  • Roffman JL, Petruzzi LJ, Tanner AS, Brown HE, Eryilmaz H, Ho NF, Giegold M, Silverstein NJ, Bottiglieri T, Manoach DS, Smoller JW, Henderson DC, Goff DC. Biochemical, physiological and clinical effects of l-methylfolate in schizophrenia: a randomized controlled trial. Mol Psychiatry. 2018 Feb;23(2):316-322. doi: 10.1038/mp.2017.41. Epub 2017 Mar 14. PMID: 28289280; PMCID: PMC5599314.
  • Sun ZL, Liu J, Guo W, Jiang T, Ma C, Li WB, Tang YL, Ling SH. Serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels associate with cognitive improvement in patients with schizophrenia treated with electroacupuncture. Psychiatry Res. 2016 Oct 30;244:370-5. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.07.040. Epub 2016 Jul 28. PMID: 27525826.
  • Visceglia E, Lewis S. Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Jul;17(7):601-7. doi: 10.1089/acm.2010.0075. PMID: 21711202.


  • Dong B, Chen Z, Yin X, et al. The Efficacy of Acupuncture for Treating Depression-Related Insomnia Compared with a Control Group: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:9614810. doi:10.1155/2017/9614810
  • Field T, Diego M, Delgado J, Medina L. Tai chi/yoga reduces prenatal depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013;19(1):6-10. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2012.10.001
  • Fu C, Zhao N, Liu Z, et al. Acupuncture Improves Peri-menopausal Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Sleep. 2017;40(11):10.1093/sleep/zsx153. doi:10.1093/sleep/zsx153
  • Garland SN, Carlson LE, Stephens AJ, Antle MC, Samuels C, Campbell TS. Mindfulness-based stress reduction compared with cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of insomnia comorbid with cancer: a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(5):449-457. doi:10.1200/JCO.2012.47.7265
  • Ghaffarilaleh G, Ghaffarilaleh V, Sanamno Z, Kamalifard M, Alibaf L. Effects of Yoga on Quality of Sleep of Women With Premenstrual Syndrome. Altern Ther Health Med. 2019;25(5):40-47.
  • Gross CR, Kreitzer MJ, Reilly-Spong M, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction versus pharmacotherapy for chronic primary insomnia: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Explore (NY). 2011;7(2):76-87. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2010.12.003
  • Huang W, Johnson TM, Kutner NG, et al. Acupuncture for Treatment of Persistent Disturbed Sleep: A Randomized Clinical Trial in Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018;80(1):18m12235. Published 2018 Dec 11. doi:10.4088/JCP.18m12235
  • Jahangard L, Sadeghi A, Ahmadpanah M, et al. Influence of adjuvant omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids on depression, sleep, and emotion regulation among outpatients with major depressive disorders – Results from a double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Psychiatr Res. 2018;107:48-56. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.09.016
  • Mustian KM, Sprod LK, Janelsins M, et al. Multicenter, randomized controlled trial of yoga for sleep quality among cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol. 2013;31(26):3233-3241. doi:10.1200/JCO.2012.43.7707
  • Ong JC, Manber R, Segal Z, Xia Y, Shapiro S, Wyatt JK. A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation for chronic insomnia. Sleep. 2014;37(9):1553-1563. Published 2014 Sep 1. doi:10.5665/sleep.4010
  • Rondanelli  M, Opizzi A, Montefarrario F, et al. The effect of melatonin, magnesium, and zinc on primary insomnia in long-term care facility residents in Italy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jan;59(1):82-90.
  • Rusch HL, Rosario M, Levison LM, et al. The effect of mindfulness meditation on sleep quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019;1445(1):5-16. doi:10.1111/nyas.13996
  • Tang MF, Chiu HY, Xu X, et al. Walking is more effective than yoga at reducing sleep disturbance in cancer patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Sleep Med Rev. 2019;47:1-8. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2019.05.003
  • Yin X, Gou M, Xu J, et al. Efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment on primary insomnia: a randomized controlled trial. Sleep Med. 2017;37:193-200. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2017.02.012

Substance Use Disorders 

  • Boyuan Z, Yang C, Ke C, Xueyong S, Sheng L. Efficacy of acupuncture for psychological symptoms associated with opioid addiction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:313549. doi:10.1155/2014/313549
  • Bowen S, Witkiewitz K, Clifasefi SL, Grow J, Chawla N, Hsu SH, Carroll HA, Harrop E, Collins SE, Lustyk MK, Larimer ME. Relative efficacy of mindfulness-based relapse prevention, standard relapse prevention, and treatment as usual for substance use disorders: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2014 May;71(5):547-56. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.4546. PMID: 24647726; PMCID: PMC4489711.
  • Davis JP, Berry D, Dumas TM, Ritter E, Smith DC, Menard C, Roberts BW. Substance use outcomes for mindfulness based relapse prevention are partially mediated by reductions in stress: Results from a randomized trial. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2018 Aug;91:37-48. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2018.05.002. Epub 2018 May 20. PMID: 29910013.
  • Dehghani-Arani F, Rostami R, Nadali H. Neurofeedback training for opiate addiction: improvement of mental health and craving. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2013 Jun;38(2):133-41. doi: 10.1007/s10484-013-9218-5. PMID: 23605225; PMCID: PMC3650238.
  • Grant S, Colaiaco B, Motala A, Shanman R, Booth M, Sorbero M, Hempel S. Mindfulness-based Relapse Prevention for Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Addict Med. 2017 Sep/Oct;11(5):386-396. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000338. PMID: 28727663; PMCID: PMC5636047.
  • Li W, Howard MO, Garland EL, McGovern P, Lazar M. Mindfulness treatment for substance misuse: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Apr;75:62-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2017.01.008. Epub 2017 Jan 31. PMID: 28153483.
  • Liu F, Cui J, Liu X, Chen KW, Chen X, Li R. The effect of tai chi and Qigong exercise on depression and anxiety of individuals with substance use disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Complement Med Ther. 2020;20(1):161. Published 2020 May 29. doi:10.1186/s12906-020-02967-8
  • Rawson RA, Chudzynski J, Gonzales R, et al. The Impact of Exercise On Depression and Anxiety Symptoms Among Abstinent Methamphetamine-Dependent Individuals in A Residential Treatment Setting. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2015;57:36-40. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2015.04.007
  • Tang YY, Tang R, Posner MI. Mindfulness meditation improves emotion regulation and reduces drug abuse. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Jun 1;163 Suppl 1:S13-8. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.11.041. PMID: 27306725.
  • Wang D, Wang Y, Wang Y, Li R, Zhou C. Impact of physical exercise on substance use disorders: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2014;9(10):e110728. Published 2014 Oct 16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110728
  • Zeng L, Tao Y, Hou W, Zong L, Yu L. Electro-acupuncture improves psychiatric symptoms, anxiety and depression in methamphetamine addicts during abstinence: A randomized controlled trial. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018;97(34):e11905. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000011905


  • Cassileth BR, Vickers AJ, Magill LA. Music therapy for mood disturbance during hospitalization for autologous stem cell transplantation: a randomized controlled trial. Cancer. 2003;98(12):2723-2729. doi:10.1002/cncr.11842
  • Duong N, Davis H, Robinson PD, Oberoi S, Cataudella D, Culos-Reed SN, Gibson F, Götte M, Hinds P, Nijhof SL, Tomlinson D, van der Torre P, Ladas E, Cabral S, Dupuis LL, Sung L. Mind and body practices for fatigue reduction in patients with cancer and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2017 Dec;120:210-216. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2017.11.011. Epub 2017 Nov 20. PMID: 29198334.
  • Gross CR, Kreitzer MJ, Thomas W, Reilly-Spong M, Cramer-Bornemann M, Nyman JA, Frazier P, Ibrahim HN. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for solid organ transplant recipients: a randomized controlled trial. Altern Ther Health Med. 2010 Sep-Oct;16(5):30-8. PMID: 20882729; PMCID: PMC3076132.
  • Haines J, Spadaro KC, Choi J, Hoffman LA, Blazeck AM. Reducing stress and anxiety in caregivers of lung transplant patients: benefits of mindfulness meditation. Int J Organ Transplant Med. 2014;5(2):50-6. PMID: 25013679; PMCID: PMC4089339.
  • Hogan TJ, Silverman MJ. Coping-Infused Dialogue through Patient-Preferred Live Music: A Medical Music Therapy Protocol and Randomized Pilot Study for Hospitalized Organ Transplant Patients. J Music Ther. 2015;52(3):420-436. doi:10.1093/jmt/thv008
  • Larson AG, Morris KJ, Juckett MB, Coe CL, Broman AT, Costanzo ES. Mindfulness, Experiential Avoidance, and Recovery From Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Ann Behav Med. 2019 Aug 29;53(10):886-895. doi: 10.1093/abm/kay097. PMID: 30624541; PMCID: PMC6736040.
  • Stonnington CM, Darby B, Santucci A, Mulligan P, Pathuis P, Cuc A, Hentz JG, Zhang N, Mulligan D, Sood A. A resilience intervention involving mindfulness training for transplant patients and their caregivers. Clin Transplant. 2016 Nov;30(11):1466-1472. doi: 10.1111/ctr.12841. Epub 2016 Oct 14. PMID: 27618687.


  • Church D, Sparks T, Clond M. EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) and Resiliency in Veterans at Risk for PTSD: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Explore (NY). 2016;12(5):355-365. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2016.06.012
  • Church D, Yount G, Rachlin K, Fox L, Nelms J. Epigenetic Effects of PTSD Remediation in Veterans Using Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Am J Health Promot. 2018;32(1):112-122. doi:10.1177/0890117116661154
  • Cramer H, Anheyer D, Saha FJ, Dobos G. Yoga for posttraumatic stress disorder – a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry. 2018;18(1):72. Published 2018 Mar 22. doi:10.1186/s12888-018-1650-x
  • Smith-MacDonald L, Norris JM, Raffin-Bouchal S, Sinclair S. Spirituality and Mental Well-Being in Combat Veterans: A Systematic Review. Mil Med. 2017;182(11):e1920-e1940. doi:10.7205/MILMED-D-17-00099

Women’s Health

  • Hall HG, Cant R, Munk N, et al. The effectiveness of massage for reducing pregnant women’s anxiety and depression; systematic review and meta-analysis [published online ahead of print, 2020 Aug 14]. Midwifery. 2020;90:102818. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2020.102818
  • Lomagno KA, Hu F, Riddell LJ, Booth AO, Szymlek-Gay EA, Nowson CA, Byrne LK. Increasing iron and zinc in pre-menopausal women and its effects on mood and cognition: a systematic review. Nutrients. 2014 Nov 14;6(11):5117-41. doi: 10.3390/nu6115117. PMID: 25405366; PMCID: PMC4245583.
  • Satyapriya M, Nagarathna R, Padmalatha V, Nagendra HR. Effect of integrated yoga on anxiety, depression & well being in normal pregnancy. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013;19(4):230-236. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2013.06.003
  • Shi Z, MacBeth A. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Maternal Perinatal Mental Health Outcomes: a Systematic Review. Mindfulness (N Y). 2017;8(4):823-847. doi:10.1007/s12671-016-0673-y
  • Slykerman RF, Hood F, Wickens K, et al. Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 in Pregnancy on Postpartum Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: A Randomised Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial. EBioMedicine. 2017;24:159-165. doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.09.013
  • Sniezek DP, Siddiqui IJ. Acupuncture for Treating Anxiety and Depression in Women: A Clinical Systematic Review. Med Acupunct. 2013;25(3):164-172. doi:10.1089/acu.2012.0900